Saving the planet from the excessively expensive price of global warming and pollution seems to be the hardest task. It is indeed the hardest task humanity faced. Taking in consideration also that the effect of global warming and pollution varies greatly from country to another is important. Nature decides this variation. Factors like latitudes, air currents and ocean tides, weather conditions, temperature and the community of flora and fauna in an area are the referees.

Therefore, many would ask how we could mitigate the phenomenon of global warming if it depends on nature. Well it depends on nature,but humans cause it. We cannot change the natural course of events in nature but we can change our decisions, orientations and energy policies. The theory of the adaptive capacities also varies greatly from a country to another.First, the adaptive capacity is the answer or response to any climate change,carbon emission, temperature rise or any other forms of global warming. The adaptive capacity depends also on the differences of GDP and each country economic classification. No need to say that developing countries will pay more expensive bills. They also will suffer the brunt results of climate changes.This is due to the fact that they have low budgets and flexibility rate to combat the heavy impact of greenhouse effect. Continent like Africa is considered most affected because of its vulnerability and already existing problems. The sub-continent India on the other hand, is also considered one of the most affected arenas in the world. Nonetheless, and despite this fact, the Indian government is strongly encouraging renewable orientations and waste management strategies.

There are many measures of coping with this dilemma. Yet,major solution to combat climate changes, pollution and global warming is the adoption of renewable energy. This solution is the best and most accurate mainly in large countries like India. In fact, India is getting use of the most abundant energy on earth, which is the sun.

  • Solar energy in India:  manufacturing, distribution and installation:

It is evident that the conversion to solar energy would decrease if not eliminate dependency on fossil fuel. Consequently, if fossil fuel dependency is decreased, the CO2 emissions and toxic releases are decreased. Renewable energy companies in India are racing to provide a larger share in the huge renewable equipment market. The Indian consumption of electricity is one of the largest in the world. By 2040, India will need about 15.280 Trillion Watt per hour! At the same time, thanks to governmental orientation, encouragement of investment and general awareness, the needs are met by sustainable photovoltaic power.

In 2018, India is ranked the fourth in The Renewable Energy Country Attractive Index. Solar photovoltaic panels are the most effective alternative of traditional electric grid. Cost of solar panel per watt ranges from 30 INR[1]to 50 INR. The amount of cost of 30 INR to 50 INR is equivalent to 0.3to 0.5 Euro.The modules of solar cells have great capacities. This cost is considered affordable and rational in comparison with other countries around the world.

The products that are powered by solar energy are multiple and the range of merchandises is long. The list could comprise solar home appliances (entire set), solar air conditioning, solar chargers, solar lamps,solar means of transportation, etc.

Accordingly, solar panel companies in India are ranked in top manufacturers and distributes of latest panels technologies. We have to know also that there is specific solar equipment we need to install in order to have full solar electric system. Here we will be discussing a domestic solar electric system. If we are talking about solar photovoltaic installation at home, we will need four essential but basic equipment, which are solar batteries, solar charge controllers, solar inverters and most importantly solar panels.

-Solar batteries: At night, batteries, which already stored amount of solar energy, would provide for the entire home energy. It substitutes the lack of solar photons in times when sun is not shining. The capacity of batteries is measured in kW per hour. In a solar PV system, we might find numerous batteries in one installation. This happens when the customer would need more storage capacities.

– Solar charge controllers: Regulation of voltage is the main mission of the charge controller. The sun is sometimes too strong, thus its energy might exceed the need of the system and the capacity of the battery.Therefore, a solar charge controller protects the battery from any harm through the regulation of voltage.

– Solar inverters: these devices are first converters of voltage secondly; they are chargers of batteries. Solar inverters transform the DC voltage to AC voltage. In addition, solar inverters main mission is to charge the battery if connected to a utility grid or a generator. 

– Solar panels: There is a wide range of solar panels types,classification and technologies. Besides, they are the most essential part of any solar equipment installation. They first absorb the photons and efficiently transform it into electricity in case of photovoltaic systems of course. Solar technologies and equipment are inconsistent development. Nowadays, scientists are trying to produce panels,which are fabricated by natural and organic substances. This stage of research is tremendously important if we are thinking about more efficient and more recyclable panels.


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